VB2014 preview: Optimized mal-ops. Hack the ad network like a boss

Posted by   Virus Bulletin on   Aug 15, 2014

Researchers Vadim Kotov and Rahul Kashyap to discuss how advertisements are the new exploit kits.

In the weeks running up to VB2014 (the 24th Virus Bulletin International Conference), we will look at some of the research that will be presented at the event. In the second of this series, we look at the paper 'Optimized mal-ops. Hack the ad network like a boss', from Vadim Kotov and Rahul Kashyap, two researchers from Bromium.

"We conclude that ad networks could be leveraged to aid, or even be substituted for current exploit kits." It is a slightly worrying conclusion that Vadim and Rahul draw in their paper - but they provide good arguments for it.

Exploit kits have been the scourge of the web for many years. Typically starting with a single line of inserted code, they probe for a number of vulnerabilities in the browser or its plug-ins and use this to drop malware onto the victim's machine. Given the high proportion of Internet users that haven't fully patched their systems, it is a successful way to spread malware.

However, in order for exploit kits to do their work, a vulnerable website must first be infected, or the user must be enticed into clicking a malicious link. But by purchasing ad space, and using this to place malicious ads, attackers have discovered a cheap and effective way to get their malicious code to run inside the browser of many users. They can even tailor their advertisements to target specific languages, regions or even website subjects.

In their paper, Vadim and Rahul look at a case study of malicious ads served by YouTube (demonstrating that even top brands are battling against this threat), and also study the more general case of malicious Flash banners and how they are obfuscated from researchers, while still delivering malware. We learned last month that this is a serious problem - when researchers found that cybercriminals had purchased advertising space on Yahoo in order to serve the 'Cryptowall' ransomware.

Ideally, of course, advertising networks would block malicious ads as they are added to their systems. In their paper, the researchers explain why this is easier said than done: given the size of such networks, it would take a lot of time and resources - plus, technically, it's difficult to block most malicious ads without a certain percentage of false positives.

You can now register for VB2014. And if you have some research that you want to share with the security community, why not submit an abstract to fill one of the seven remaining 'last-minute' presentation slots?

Posted on 15 August 2014 by Martijn Grooten

twitter.png
fb.png
linkedin.png
hackernews.png
reddit.png

 

Latest posts:

Nominations opened for sixth Péter Szőr Award

Virus Bulletin is seeking nominations for the sixth annual Péter Szőr Award.

Haroon Meer and Adrian Sanabria to deliver VB2019 closing keynote

New additions to the VB2019 conference programme include a closing keynote address from Thinkst duo Haroon Meer and Adrian Sanabria and a talk on attacks against payment systems.

Free VB2019 tickets for students

Virus Bulletin is excited to announce that, thanks to generous sponsorship from Google Android, we are able to offer 20 free tickets to students who want to attend VB2019.

VB2018 paper: Lazarus Group: a mahjong game played with different sets of tiles

The Lazarus Group, generally linked to the North Korean government, is one of the most notorious threat groups seen in recent years. At VB2018 ESET researchers Peter Kálnai and Michal Poslušný presented a paper looking at the group's various…

Book your VB2019 ticket now for a chance to win a ticket for BSides London

Virus Bulletin is proud to sponsor this year's BSides London conference, which will take place next week, and we have a number of tickets to give away.

We have placed cookies on your device in order to improve the functionality of this site, as outlined in our cookies policy. However, you may delete and block all cookies from this site and your use of the site will be unaffected. By continuing to browse this site, you are agreeing to Virus Bulletin's use of data as outlined in our privacy policy.