Paper: The Hulk

Posted by   Virus Bulletin on   Oct 8, 2014

Raul Alvarez studies cavity file infector.

Most file infectors increase the length of the infected file, as the malicious code is added as a new section of the host file, or to the last section of that file. 'Cavity' file infectors are different though: they infect files without increasing their size.

Today, we publish a paper by Raul Alvarez, a researcher for Fortinet, in which he studies Win32/Huhk, a virus that implements cavity file infection.

In the paper, Raul explains what happens when an infected file is run, as well as how other files are being infected. Huhk is polymorphic in nature, something which is achieved through a simple XOR operation with a one-byte key.

Of course, the virus needs to find a way to hide in the host file without affecting the latter's ability to run. To this end, Huhk looks for continuous memory locations filled with zeros. If the total size of such locations is greater than 7,005 bytes, it is able to infect the file.

You can read the paper here in HTML format or here as a PDF.

If you like this paper, you will probably like two other papers by Raul we published recently: Bird's Nest (on Neshta) and API-EPO (on W32/Daum).

Posted on 08 October 2014 by Martijn Grooten

twitter.png
fb.png
linkedin.png
hackernews.png
reddit.png

 

Latest posts:

VB2019 paper: APT cases exploiting vulnerabilities in region-specific software

At VB2019, JPCERT/CC's Shusei Tomonaga and Tomoaki Tani presented a paper on attacks that exploit vulnerabilities in software used only in Japan, using malware that is unique to Japan. Today we publish both their paper and the recording of their…

New paper: Detection of vulnerabilities in web applications by validating parameter integrity and data flow graphs

In a follow-up to a paper presented at VB2019, Prismo Systems researchers Abhishek Singh and Ramesh Mani detail algorithms that can be used to detect SQL injection in stored procedures, persistent cross-site scripting (XSS), and server‑side request…

VB2020 programme announced

VB is pleased to reveal the details of an interesting and diverse programme for VB2020, the 30th Virus Bulletin International Conference.

VB2019 paper: Cyber espionage in the Middle East: unravelling OSX.WindTail

At VB2019 in London, Jamf's Patrick Wardle analysed the WindTail macOS malware used by the WindShift APT group, active in the Middle East. Today we publish both Patrick's paper and the recording of his presentation.

VB2019 paper: 2,000 reactions to a malware attack – accidental study

At VB2019 cybercrime journalist and researcher Adam Haertlé presented an analysis of almost 2000 unsolicited responses sent by victims of a malicious email campaign. Today we publish both his paper and the recording of his presentation.

We have placed cookies on your device in order to improve the functionality of this site, as outlined in our cookies policy. However, you may delete and block all cookies from this site and your use of the site will be unaffected. By continuing to browse this site, you are agreeing to Virus Bulletin's use of data as outlined in our privacy policy.