An indispensable source of reference for anyone concerned with computer security, the Bulletin is the forum through which leading security researchers publish the latest security research and information in a bid to share knowledge with the security community. Publications cover the latest threats, new developments and techniques in the security landscape, opinions from respected members of the industry, and more. The Bulletin archives offer informative articles going back to 1989. Our editorial team is happy to hear from anyone interested in submitting a paper for publication.

VB2017 paper: The router of all evil: more than just default passwords and silly scripts

Himanshu Anand (Symantec)
Chastine Menrige (Symantec)

In the last couple of years, we have seen a few highly sophisticated router attacks and pieces of malware. This paper looks at two case studies: the Netgear router attack involving the Multiple Netgear Routers Remote Command Injection Vulnerability…

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A review of the evolution of Andromeda over the years before we say goodbye

Bahare Sabouri (Fortinet)
He Xu (Fortinet)

Andromeda, also known as Gamaru and Wauchos, is a modular and HTTP-based botnet that was discovered in late 2011. From that point on, it managed to survive and continue hardening by evolving in different ways. This paper describes the evolution of…

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VB2012 paper: Malware taking a bit(coin) more than we bargained for

Amir Fouda (Microsoft)

When a new system of currency gains acceptance and widespread adoption in a computer-mediated population, it is only a matter of time before malware authors attempt to exploit it. As of halfway through 2011, we started seeing another means of…

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VB2017 paper: VirusTotal tips, tricks and myths

Randy Abrams (Independent researcher)

Outside of the anti-malware industry, users of VirusTotal generally believe it is simply a virus-scanning service. Most users quickly reach erroneous conclusions about the meaning of various scanning results. At the same time, many very technical…

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The threat and security product landscape in 2017

Martijn Grooten (Virus Bulletin)

VB Editor Martijn Grooten looks at the state of the threat and security product landscape in 2017.

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VB2017 paper: Nine circles of Cerber

Stanislav Skuratovich (Check Point Software Technologies)
Neomi Rona (Check Point Software Technologies)

The Cerber ransomware was mentioned for the first time in March 2016 on some Russian underground forums, on which it was offered for rent in an affiliate program. Since then, it has been spread massively via exploit kits, infecting more and more…

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VB2017 paper: Modern reconnaissance phase by APT – protection layer

Warren Mercer (Cisco Talos)
Paul Rascagneres (Cisco Talos)

During recent research, Talos researchers observed the ways in which APT actors are evolving and how a reconnaissance phase is included in the infection vector in order to protect valuable zero-day exploits or malware frameworks. Indeed, the…

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VB2017 paper: Peering into spam botnets

Jarosław Jedynak (CERT Poland)
Maciej Kotowicz (CERT Poland)

Despite spam botnets being so important in the lifecycle of malware, recent publications describing massive spam operations (which can be counted on the fingers of one hand) have either skipped over the technical details or else concentrated too much…

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VB2016 paper: Anti-malware testing undercover

Righard Zwienenberg (ESET)
Luis Corrons (Panda Security)

Anti-malware testing is highly complex, and it becomes more and more challenging as new technologies are adopted by the industry to protect users. Rather than focusing on the technical challenges that testers face nowadays, this VB2016 paper focuses…

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VB2017 paper: Beyond lexical and PDNS: using signals on graphs to uncover online threats at scale

Dhia Majoub (Cisco Umbrella - OpenDNS)
David Rodriguez (Cisco Umbrella - OpenDNS)

We propose a novel method unifying the interactions between client machines, hostnames and hosting IPs by building a tripartite graph consisting of tens of millions of vertices and edges. We then represent a sequence of tripartite graphs as signals…

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