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Red Eyes threat group targets North Korean defectors

A research paper by AhnLab researcher Minseok Cha looks at the activities of the Red Eyes threat group (also known as Group 123 and APT 37), whose targets include North Korean defectors, as well as journalists and human rights defenders focused on North K…
AhnLab has published a research paper that looks at the Red Eyes group, which is particularly active against North Korean defectors, as well as journalists and human rights… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/08/red-eyes-threat-group-targets-north-korean-defectors/

VB2017 paper and update: Browser attack points still abused by banking trojans

At VB2017, ESET researchers Peter Kálnai and Michal Poslušný looked at how banking malware interacts with browsers. Today we publish their paper, share the video of their presentation, and also publish a guest blog post from Peter, in which he summarises …
At VB2017 in Madrid, ESET researcher Peter Kálnai presented a paper he wrote together with his colleague Michal Poslušný, in which they looked at how banking malware interacts… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/07/vb2017-paper-and-update-browser-attack-points-still-abused-banking-trojans/

GravityRAT malware takes your system's temperature

The GravityRAT malware, discovered by Cisco Talos researchers, gives some interesting insight into modern malware development.
Cisco Talos researchers Warren Mercer and Paul Rascagnères recently discovered and analysed 'GravityRAT', an advanced Remote Access Trojan (RAT) that appears to have been used in… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/04/gravityrat-malware-takes-your-systems-temperature/

VB2017 paper: Android reverse engineering tools: not the usual suspects

Within a few years, Android malware has grown from a relatively small threat to a huge problem involving more than three million new malware samples a year. Axelle Apvrille, one of the world's leading Android malware researchers, will deliver a workshop o…
Within a few years, Android malware has grown from a relatively small threat – the first VB conference talk on Android, in 2011, mentioned fewer than 100 malware families – to a… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/04/vb2017-paper-android-reverse-engineering-tools-not-usual-suspects/

VB2017 paper: Exploring the virtual worlds of advergaming

At VB2017 in Madrid, Malwarebytes' Chris Boyd presented a paper in which he looked at various aspects of advergaming, from unreadable EULAs to fake programs that promise to block ads. Today, we publish both the paper and the recording of Chris's presentat…
At VB2016 in Denver, Malwarebytes researchers Jérôme Segura and Chris Boyd presented a paper on malicious advertising, or malvertising. At the end of the paper, as they looked at… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/04/vb2017-paper-exploring-virtual-worlds-advergaming/

VB2017 paper: The life story of an IPT - Inept Persistent Threat actor

At VB2017 in Madrid, Polish security researcher and journalist Adam Haertlé presented a paper about a very inept persistent threat. Today, we publish both the paper and the recording of Adam's presentation.
Last Wednesday, Belgium-based Polish hacker Thomasz T. was arrested during a visit to his home country. Thomasz is believed to be the author of the Polski, Vortex, and Flotera… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/03/vb2017-paper-life-story-ipt-inept-persistent-threat-actor/

VB2017 paper: The router of all evil

At VB2017 in Madrid, security researcher Himanshu Anand presented a paper on malware that targets routers, looking both at the topic in general and at some individual case studies. Today we publish both the paper (co-written with Chastine Menrige) and the…
In recent years, we have seem a significant increase in malware targeting routers. Given that, unlike most endpoint devices, routers are often connected directly to the internet,… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/03/vb2017-paper-router-all-evil/

VB2017 video: The state of cybersecurity in Africa: Kenya

Though many of the IT security issues we face are global, there is a noticeable difference in the threats faced in various countries and regions, as well as in the ways they are dealt with. At VB2017, we heard from Tyrus Kamau about the state of cybersecu…
IT security, or the lack thereof, affects Internet users around the world, and though many of the issues we face are global, there is a noticeable difference in the threats faced… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/03/vb2017-video-state-cybersecurity-africa-kenya/

VB2017 paper: VirusTotal tips, tricks and myths

At VB2017 in Madrid, security researcher Randy Abrams presented an overview of the VirusTotal service and then went on to bust several of the persistent myths that surround it. Today we publish both Randy's paper and the recording of his presentation.
In a surprise announcement, Google's parent company Alphabet has introduced Chronicle, a threat intelligence offering in which Google-owned VirusTotal will play an important role.… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/01/vb2017-paper-virustotal-tips-tricks-and-myths/

Alleged author of creepy FruitFly macOS malware arrested

A 28-year old man from Ohio has been arrested on suspicion of having created the mysterious FruitFly malware that targeted macOS and used it to spy on its victims.
It is almost a year since the mysterious FruitFly malware for macOS was discovered. Malware targeting macOS is still uncommon enough to be newsworthy, but FruitFly seemed… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2018/01/alleged-author-creepy-fruitfly-macos-malware-arrested/

VB2017 videos on attacks against Ukraine

(In)security is a global issue that affects countries around the world, but in recent years none has been so badly hit as Ukraine. Today, we publish the videos of two VB2017 talks about attacks that hit Ukraine particularly badly: a talk by Alexander Adam…
(In)security is a global problem that affects every country in the world, but in recent years, none has been as badly hit as Ukraine. The most well known malware that… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/12/vb2017-videos-attacks-against-ukraine/

VB2017 paper: Nine circles of Cerber

Cerber is one of the major names in the world of ransomware, and last year, Check Point released a decryption service for the malware. Today, we publish a VB2017 paper by Check Point's Stanislav Skuratovich describing how the Cerber decryption tool worked…
Earlier this week, we published the video of a VB2017 presentation on the Spora ransomware. Spora is hardly alone in this prominent threat type though, and one of the other major… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/12/vb2017-paper-nine-circles-cerber/

VB2017 video: Spora: the saga continues a.k.a. how to ruin your research in a week

Today, we publish the video of the VB2017 presentation by Avast researcher Jakub Kroustek and his former colleague Előd Kironský, now at ESET, who told the story of Spora, one of of the most prominent ransomware families of 2017.
First discovered at the beginning of the year, the Spora ransomware has become one of of the most prominent ransomware families of 2017, especially in Russia, a region it appears… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/12/vb2017-video-spora-saga-continues-k-how-ruin-your-research-week/

VB2017 paper: Modern reconnaissance phase on APT – protection layer

During recent research, Cisco Talos researchers observed the ways in which APT actors are evolving and how a reconnaissance phase is included in the infection vector in order to protect valuable zero-day exploits or malware frameworks. At VB2017 in Madrid…
Targeted attack campaigns involve multiple stages, the first of which consists of collecting information about the target: the reconnaissance phase. It's an essential part of any… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/12/vb2017-paper-modern-reconnaissance-phase-apt-protection-layer/

VB2017 paper: Peering into spam botnets

At VB2017 in Madrid, CERT Poland researchers Maciej Kotowicz and Jarosław Jedynak presented a paper detailing their low-level analysis of five spam botnets. Today we publish their full paper.
Spam continues to be an important infection vector for many malware campaigns, but while a lot of attention is paid to the payloads delivered by these campaigns – Andrew Brandt's… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/12/vb2017-paper-peering-spam-botnets/

VB2017 paper: Offensive malware analysis: dissecting OSX/FruitFly.B via a custom C&C server

At VB2017 in Madrid, macOS malware researcher Patrick Wardle presented the details of a specific piece of Mac malware, FruitFly, which he analysed through a custom C&C server - a technique that will also be of interest for researchers of malware on other …
Few readers of this blog will believe that there aren't any security issues with Apple's macOS operating system, a point made rather unsubtly by yesterday's discovery of a flaw… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/11/vb2017-paper-offensive-malware-analysis-dissecting-osxfruitflyb-custom-cc-server/

VB2017 video: FinFisher: New techniques and infection vectors revealed

Today, we publish the video of the VB2017 presentation by ESET researcher Filip Kafka, who looked at recent changes in the FinFisher government malware, including its infection vectors.
Over the last few years, the infamous FinFisher government spyware (already the subject of a VB2013 paper) has done a good job of staying under the radar. Recently, however, it… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/11/vb2017-video-finfisher-new-techniques-and-infection-vectors-revealed/

VB2017 paper: Beyond lexical and PDNS: using signals on graphs to uncover online threats at scale

At VB2017 in Madrid, Cisco Umbrella (OpenDNS) researchers Dhia Mahjoub and David Rodriguez presented a new approach to detecting infected machines using graphs to detect botnet traffic at scale. Today we publish both Dhia and David's paper and the recordi…
Malicious Internet traffic, such as botnet C&C traffic, is easily recognized if it uses known bad domain names, or known bad IP addresses. This is why botnets constantly change… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/11/vb2017-paper-beyond-lexical-and-pdns-using-signals-graphs-uncover-online-threats-scale/

VB2017 video: Consequences of bad security in health care

Jelena Milosevic, a nurse with a passion for IT security, is uniquely placed to witness poor security practices in the health care sector, and to fully understand the consequences. Today, we publish the recording of a presentation given by Jelena at VB201…
"You are probably asking yourselves what a nurse is doing at a cybersecurity conference. Trust me, my colleagues are even more surprised, because they truly believe that hospitals… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/11/vb2017-video-consequences-bad-security-health-care/

VB2017 paper: The (testing) world turned upside down

At VB2017 in Madrid, industry veteran and ESET Senior Research Fellow David Harley presented a paper on the state of security software testing. Today we publish David's paper in both HTML and PDF format.
Few subjects are as hotly debated within the security community as the testing of security software. Virus Bulletin has been at the core of many of these debates, both as a… https://www.virusbulletin.com/blog/2017/11/vb2017-paper-testing-world-turned-upside-down/

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